Category Archives: BTN

Space Reflection- Ancient Greeks

Video on: http://antsclass.global2.vic.edu.au/2016/11/27/space-homework-2/

Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green = Questions

 

This video was about how ancient Greeks thought about our solar system, galaxy and the cosmos, and how their ideas grew.

 The ancient Greeks used to believe that the sun and the stars moved around earth for this reason, because earth was in the centre of the solar system. Also, they believed that it had to be the stars and the sun moving (not earth), for if earth was moving we would feel it. How did the ancient Greeks even know about space? At the time, these assumptions was actually a simple mistake to be made. So since they thought this, they drew the solar system with earth in the centre, the moon opposite it and then the sun opposite the moon. Which leaves the stars, which would be rotating around earth in a circle. I understand how beliefs passed down for centuries can really affect what you believe, and how it’s not always the correct assumption.

But one day they found that something didn’t move in a circle but back and forth, so the Greeks had to change the model. Or course they hadn’t worked out what that thing was, but they decided to give it a shot. Astronomers developed more complex models, with happened to have more circles in them. Finally, one day a better model than any was created. This model the astronomers put the sun in the middle of our solar system (which is where it actually belongs).

This model led them to finding out what was the thing that went back and forth across the night sky. This thing was a planet, and it was called Mars.

So after all of this discovery and new information, they should have a pretty good representation… Actually no. At this point in time, they went even close. It wasn’t until Galileo Galilei built the first telescope that they actually got somewhere. When was the first telescope built? It showed things like how Jupiter has four moons.

But this telescope also showed everyone what the real representation of our solar system is.

So now, the current model shows all the planets orbiting around the sun. It also shows that if the sun and stars move across the sky, then the earth must be rotating to make them move.

 

Questions Answers:

  1. The first telescope made was built in 1608 by a German-Dutch lens maker, who went by the name Hans Lippershey.

Website: https://www.spaceanswers.com

 

  1. The knowledge of space was given to them by other cultures. Chinese Astronomers, Mesopotamian and Zoroastrian astronomers/astrologers and even Indian Vedas mainly helped out the Greeks with their knowledge. Most of the knowledge though was given when Alexander the Great conquered the region, in 331 BCE.

 

Website: https://explorable.com/greek-astronomy

Valedictorian Speech

Good evening and welcome to all families, teachers and year 6 graduates.

I’m just going to point out how amazing it has been for the last 7 years! There have a lot of laughs, and a lot of events, as well as sad farewells and happy arrivals. But to sum up the 7 years that this graduating class has had, all we can say is wow. From the nerve-racking first day to become leaders of our school, well let’s say we all had our moments.

Which is why we need to thank all the teachers we ever had, from the prep teachers Nicole and Leigh, the 1/2, 3/4, and last but not least 5/6’s. Also anyone that has helped us along the way, from other teachers, principals, the fabulous ladies in the office and even when the parents came in to help us. Thank you.

No matter what, the class of 2016 are unstoppable, and will be for the next 6 years of their high school careers.

Tonight, every student here is celebrating their time at Moonee Ponds Primary School.  I know, with many of my fellow graduates, that I will always look back on this school and smile. There have been many laughs and grins, and many memories we will never forget. The things we were taught might not seemed that big of a deal now, but has given us a big step forward. We will learn new things and make new friends, with experiences in the future we can’t even imagine. But Moonee Ponds Primary has prepared us for these moments, and we thank you. I, and all my fellow graduates, will cherish the moments we had at this school, and acknowledge how great our time here has been.

Let’s just start off with all of the memories this grade has had, from the exciting experiences, to the hilarious memories that we will never forget. There were the major memories like times at camp, from the dinosaur song sung by the angelic voices of Lucca and Thomas, to the Donald Trump song this year at MPPS has talent. There was the year 2 sleepover, which was just a laugh in itself.  And finally, our biannual concerts, which never fails to put a smile on our parents’ faces.

But there were times where these moments weren’t expected, like the massive storm at Camp Curumbene where almost everyone got soaked! As well as the times were little things happened on a normal school day, but they were still as funny and as important as the big memories. Like how everyday at least once Sammy will enlighten everyone with one of his jokes or impressions. Some memories are even from the past, like the joyful and frightening rat song. These memories, past present, original and creative, planned out or surprising, will be with us all throughout our lives. And these moments make up our experience at Moonee Ponds Primary School. Everyone has a memory of this school they can take with them, from big events to just hanging out with friends, we all have something to remember this school by.

Now on to the students, well just look at them right now. All of them have they own talent, and we all got to see them shine at our time here. Everyone got there moments, from Anatolia and Meliss beautiful singing at camp, which connects to Lara killing it when she sung “Don’t let me Down” this year. Every time chess awards are presented at assembly …. You will always see Alicia, Flynn, Anton and Griffin going up to collect their prize, as well as many other kids. You have the classics, like Sasha’s contagious laugh which makes you automatically smile, to Ben and his unique puns. Zoe and how her amazing writing skill got her work published in a book! Everyone here is so smart and talented, and the list just keeps going on and on.

 

Tonight we have discussed how amazing our time here has been, but we haven’t discussed the next 6 years of our lives. I admit, it will be very hard to leave such a journey and rewarding adventure, but we must move on. First day of high school will be scary, and for some a bit of a struggle. But as Mandy Hale said “Change can be scary, but you know what’s scarier? Allowing fear to stop you from growing, evolving and progressing. Progress is impossible without change, and we can’t always live in the past.” So tonight, we say goodbye to Moonee ponds with tears, laughs and smiles as we prepare ourselves for a hectic next 6 years. So tonight, let’s not think of this event closing an end of a road. Think of it just beginning, with new friends and a fresh start right around the corner. So the road hasn’t been closed yet, it will still be there for the next 6 years until we graduate. Let the fun times begin!

 

So tonight, we say goodbye to the school we have been at for 7 whole years. We will leave behind all we have experienced of primary school, and will step into a whole new world of high school. But we are not just leaving Moonee Ponds Primary School, we are leaving with memories we will never forget, friends we will be with for life and knowledge and preparation for the years to come. We are leaving with joy, laughter, pride and honour, and will be continuing the years of our lives with these values as Moonee Ponds has taught us. This class of 2016 are a very special class, and all we will remember when we look back on this, is think what an amazing grade we were.

 

So thank you to all families sitting here tonight, for letting all of us grow to become the people we have become. Thank you for being proud of us, and helping us every step of the way. Thank you to Moonee Ponds Primary School for being the best school anybody has come across. And thank you to all yr 6’s tonight, for making this 7 long years a bit more enjoyable.

 

 

Before I go, I’ll leave you with a quote from the one of a kind, Dr Seuss.

“You’re off to great places! Today is your day! Your mountain is waiting. So… get on your way!”

 

Thank you.

BTN Humans In Space

Here’s the video: http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4204568.htm

Blue: Facts

Red: Insights

Green: Questions

 

School holidays are coming up, and thank god it’s going to be hot. Swimming pools, hanging out with friends, water fights. How much better can school holidays get? But many years ago, something really important happened in the school holidays. The first person was sent into space! So go celebrate this, this article will be about the biggest events in our history about space.

When we look up at the sky with millions of stars, what we are really seeing is a whole universe of planets, asteroids, moons and suns. But these things were so far away from mankind, that we couldn’t really explore them. But on April 12, 1961 we started. Yuri Gagarin was a Russian cosmonaut flying in the Vostok 1, and he became the first person to make it into space. And this remarkable trip, helped change everything.

Space is a very hostile place. No air too breathe, the temperature is freezing cold, and doesn’t sound like the most enjoyable place. But for countries like the U.S and Russia, well they wanted to know everything about space.  An insight I have is I understand how they want to find out more. They get introduced to something no one knows that much about, you would want to learn more about it.

In fact, the president of the United States stated:

“We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things not because they are easy but because they are hard.”

So saying this, massive amounts of research and money went into creating a rocket called Apollo 11.  And when it landed on the moon on 20th July 1969, it became the first rocket to be on the moon.  Therefore, the two astronomers on this rocket ship became the first men to land/walk/float on the moon.  These 2 astronomers were Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, who happened to be from America. Neil Armstrong stated:

‘One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind’.

And he was completely true.

But then even bigger things happened.

In the 1970’s, the U.S.A set up Skylab, the first space station that let people live in space! In 1981, the launch of the space rocket Columbia started the beginning of reusable space craft. And they built the giant structure so big, that is was seen from Earth!

And guess what, there’s an international space station that people have been living there from the year 2000. The people there can answer questions you might have about space. A question I have is how did they collect all of this information? The knowledge gained from space missions and space stations can help other missions, like how satellites are orbiting the earth in their hundreds. And these satellites are still giving TV signals, phones and the internet all around the world.

 

But there are also downfalls to these incredible events, like how much it costs for human spaceflight, and to build and launch spaceships. It can cost billions, so most big projects now use unmanned satellites and advanced robots.

 

Now you might think that we know EVERYTHING about space, but the truth is we have a lot to learn about our universe.  Recently sending people has been helping us find out more about space, and its gone to the point where some companies have set up space tourism programs to take people beyond Earth’s atmosphere, just for the experience! Here’s an example of this, and it’s a true add:

“Virgin Galactic is on track to become the world’s first commercial space line and if you’ve ever dreamt of joining the incredible group of pioneering astronauts your opportunity has arrived.”

 

But this isn’t the only add out there who wants people to join them to go to space, there’s way more. In fact, there’s a project right now that wants to send people to mars to create a reality tv show. This cast will be going to stay and live on mars, and it’s a one way ticket only. A question I have is what type of people are they looking for to be in this project?

 

So if all of this happens, we would have proven that we have the technology to send people to our space. But we could also prove we have the technology to travel further. So, while were getting ready to celebrate sending huge amounts of people into space, the future of exploring space is still very interesting and exciting.

Space Rock BTN

Here is the link to the video: http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s3693796.htm

Blue: Facts

Red: Understandings

Green: Questions

 

On the 26/2/2013, a massive meteor explosion took place right over Russia. The same day an asteroid passed really close to earth, though these 2 events weren’t linked. This article is about the difference between asteroids, meteors and comet.

We live on the planet earth, and the way we live is pretty decent. There’s water, oxygen, the weather isn’t too cold or too hot, we can breathe fresh air and create buildings, and we can even have picnics! But were not the only planet or rock out there in our solar system, and that’s where asteroids, comets and meteors come in.

This meteor that hit Russia was in the Ural Mountains and it no one expected it. It strike through the atmosphere and exploded above a city called Chelyabinsk. The force it made was 20 times bigger than an atomic bomb, but since it was so high in the sky the effects on ground weren’t devastating. But the shockwave blew out the windows, damaged buildings and injured more than a thousand people. As this event occurred, astronomers watched an asteroid half the size of a football field passed closely by earth.

These 2 events weren’t connected at all, but they did get people talking about what’s really going on in space. See, there are more things in our solar system than the planets that orbit the sun.  There are chunks of dust, rock and ice in our solar system (which are the leftovers from the process that formed the planets billions of years ago). These are called asteroids, meteoroids and comets.

Comets are chunks of ice and dust which are from the cold outer parts of the solar system. When they get close to the sun they start to melt, therefore giving off a gas that looks like a beautiful glowing trail.

Asteroids are normally made of rock or metal. Tens of thousands of them are located in an area in the solar system called the asteroid belt (which is between Mars and Jupiter) but some travel closer to Earth.

Meteoroids are a smaller version of asteroids, and millions of them hit the Earth’s atmosphere every day. When they enter the atmosphere, we change the name to meteors. Most meteors burn up really quickly when they hit the atmosphere, and if you’ve ever seen a shooting star, that’s a meteor.

This meteor that flew over Paris was bigger than most meteors, and because it was made of the things it was made of, it didn’t explode straight away. It exploded when it hit thicker air, and this has happened in Russia before. In 1908, scientists believe that a massive meteor exploded above a place called Tunguska. Nothing from the meteor reached the ground, but the force of it knocked down kilometers of trees. But when a meteor does hit the round, we call it a meteorite.

When we do get meteorites, they can be very valuable. This is because they give more knowledge to scientist to find out what’s going on in space, and to be able to touch a rock from space that is billions of years old, it would be amazing!

Damaging meteor/meteorites events on earth are rare, but they can happen. A lot of scientist believe that one reason why the dinosaurs became extinct (over 66 million years ago) was because of a meteorite. But scientist also believe that this type of event will probably not happen in our lifetime again, so humans are in no danger of meteors/meteorites. This is for astronomers spend a lot of time studying comets and asteroids, and finding things out like where they’re heading. Some can even send robotic spacecraft to study them up close, and they have different ways to protect the planet if one got to close. But these amazing comets, meteors and asteroids have a lot to teach us, and will teach us more about the ancient history of our solar system than ever in history.

 

An understanding I now have is:

Meteors, asteroids and comets are clearly linked but are they own different things, though we also could expand our knowledge on them (especially comets and asteroids).

 

2 questions I have are:

  1. What different ways can the robotic spacecraft (sent by astronomers) protect our planet?
  2. What equipment do astronomers, or even scientists, have to find out this information (besides the spacecraft)?

 

Space Video Reflection

This week, instead of a BTN video we could write a 321 reflection on a video about space (since space is our topic for this term). Hope you enjoy!

If you want to see the video, its on a blog called antsclass. Go check it out!

Blue = Facts

Red = Understandings

Green = Questions

 

This science video is about how ancient humans were fascinated by astronomy and how they talked about it then and now. The three main races that looked into astronomy the most were Mayans, Babylonians and Ancient Greeks. These 3 races discovered so much about astronomy and made us understand space a whole lot better. Especially Babylonians, they very advanced astronomers (and very interested in space) since they had created a writing system that allowed them to record a lot of information about space. This system helped Babylonia create mathematical models like calendars and these type of things were very helpful to them back then. Especially in the city-state of Ancient Babylon, which is located near modern Baghdad. These smart Babylonians were also able to predict astronomical phenomena, although they didn’t see things in a scientific standpoint. But their work has influenced astronomy and has created the birth of early forms of modern horoscopic astrology.

The race of Mayans is a group of Mesoamerican Indians. Even present day, we still don’t know a lot about this race and their knowledge about astrology (since the Spanish Conquistadors burned all of their records). But a very famous creation was from the Mayans, and that was the Mayan Long Count Calendar.  This calendar was a very sophisticated system that uses base 20 numbers. This calendar is very famous because the Mayans believed that the world was going to end on the 21st of December 2012 (since that was when the calendar ended). This prediction was incorrect, so that means that Christmas and New Year’s Eve could be celebrated! Although the prediction was incorrect, it helped the Mayans discover the eclipse which was used to prognosticate important events, as well as predicting things like the motion of the planets.

The last race that was very interested in astronomy was Ancient Greece. A very famous ancient astronomer from Greece was called Claudius Ptolemy who invented the Ptolemaic system. This astronomer was a Greco-Egyptian writer, mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology. Ptolemy had a lot of jobs because at the time (90 AD – 168 AD), there wasn’t that much knowledge about science so people interested in science had to have a lot of other jobs. But nowadays, there is more knowledge about science therefore you can just focus on science if you want to.

Claudius was also a Greek citizen of the Roman emperor, and was born in ancient Egypt in Alexandria (when it was under a Roman emperor).  This Ptolemaic system showed how earth was in the middle/centre of the universe, and this fact has influenced humans for hundreds of years. This system was a drawing that shows earth was in the centre of the universe, but Ptolemy was known largely for it. But knowledge today is showing that heaps of Ptolemy’s knowledge actually came from another person,

Euclid (father of Geometry) who is an ancient Greek mathematician and a lot of people would say the greatest astronomer of all time. He categorised hundreds of stars, as well as discovering the Precession of the Equinoxesa (the wobbling of the earth around its axis). This Precession explains why in 12 000 years, the northern star won’t be Polaris anymore, it will be Vega.

An understanding I now have is some of our science knowledge was found out years ago, and a lot of our knowledge id from people in the past. Also that the knowledge we got from the past has really influenced us on our opinion of space.

2 questions I have now are:

  1. Who created the Mayan calendar or the Babylonians calendar?
  2. How did they find out all of this information when they didn’t have the technology we have today?

BTN Working in Defence

Here’s the link to the BTN video: http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4530720.htm

Blue: Facts

Red: Understandings

Green: Questions

 

This week, the defence force of the army have let a bunch of students experience the life of an army, navy or air force officer. This work experience program goes for 4 days and it gives interested students a bit of a run down on life in the Army, Air Force and Navy.  The army is doing this so they can try to get more adults to choose a career in defence. Now, this article is about what this particular group of adults did, and whether they enjoying it or not;

 

Day 1:

This brave group of adults started off looking at life in the army (military).They first had to learn camouflage techniques, then they had to camouflage themselves. If that’s not enough for some beginners, they had to camouflage a whole jeep! Then they went to a computer simulation, and had to do some target practice with pretend guns.

 

 

Day 2:

Day 2 was the Air force, and that meant flying in a C-17 Globemaster aircraft. This was a new learning experience for everyone, so all of the students got to take pictures, check out the cockpit and just explore the plane. This plane is an Air force plane, so it’s a lot bigger, noisier and has a lot more thrust than a normal plane. But all of the students said that they loved it (especially the view), and all of them got to see 2 pilots in action. The pilots were just about to land, and they saw them planning how they’re going to land (they were also talking about the weather conditions and how it could affect them).

 

Day 3 and 4:

Day 3 and 4 were about the Navy, and they went on the HMAS Adelaide. The lucky students got to board the huge ship, and they were super lucky to be able to stay the night. Most students enjoyed this part of the program, stating it gave them all more insight on what the navy is truly like. Also they met really cool people and apparently the food was good, so a big thumbs up!

 

 

Overall, all of these students said this was a great experience. We would defiantly hope so, since they all had to enrol for this amazing program. This is because it was created to show young Australians that are interested in joining the military what it’s really about. Students remarked that it was all really fun to learn about the areas, and they all had good impressions. They all learnt a lot of knowledge, and hopefully these kids reaction will give us a few more people in the defence team. After all, the defence force hopes this program will get people more engaged in working at this area, they also hoping to reach their target of 62,000 employees by 2025. So good luck to the defence team and great job to all of the students!

 

 

A understanding I know have is how important we need employees in the army. A lot of people don’t go for those type of roles, but they’re very important.

 

2 Questions I have are:

  1. Are there any other areas that need more employees. Which ones?
  2. Why are these specific jobs not getting a lot of people interested in them?

 

BTN- Australian’s new $5 bill

BTN video: http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4526332.htm

 

This BTN video was about money and how our $5 bill is getting a makeover. Most people use money every day, but some think we should change the look of these rectangular pieces of plastic we exchange. See, the Reserve Bank of Australia believes that it’s time we change the designs of our money, starting with the $5 note.

 

Over the years, the rest of the notes will be presented with their new designs. In Australia, our notes are very recognisable for their designs. Starting with the bright colours, and ending with the famous Australians ($10 note is poet Banjo Patterson- Waltzing Matilda, and $20 note is Reverend John Flynn- created the Royal Flying Doctor Service). But from the 1st of September, our five dollar note will start to be replaced with the new one.

 

There’s a lot of changes in the new $5 bill, but there are still some similarities. The notes colour, size and famous face (Queen Elizabeth II) is going to be the same. But while saying that, a lot of new upgrades are coming as well. The first new upgrade is the window is now placed in the middle of the note, and has 2 new pictures on it (the Eastern Spinebill and the Prickly Moses Wattle).

 

Also, another upgrade was to up the security. This is because a lot of people want to print their own money, it’s kind of why our notes are made of plastic (1988 they decided to make our notes plastic so it’ll be harder to print real money). And in the old note, that little window has a seven pointed star you can only see when you hold it up to the light (so shopkeepers can tell the difference between a fake and a real note). Also in that little window was some micro printing (their really small words that you need a magnifying glass to read) so people could see whether the script was there or not. But our new note has a better system…

 

30 years later the $5 bill has seen a security check, and has been improved. Now it has things like in the bigger window, the five changes direction when you tilt it. Also, the eastern spinebill’s wings move when you tilt it to.

 

Now, to the last final feature that’s been added. For the first time in history of our bill system, the new notes will all have a tactile feature! A tactile helps people who are blind or can’t see really well (vision impaired) know what it is. In this case, this feature will help these people tell the difference between each note! This specific feature had a campaign for it, a boy called Connor created it. Last year he set up an online petition to have this feature on this note, and the RBA agreed!

 

So, it may be a bit sad that we have to say goodbye to the old $5 note, but this new one seems pretty cool!

 

I understand how important it is to have these features on the $5 dollar note, without them chaos would happen (fake notes, people not paying the right ones…).

 

2 questions I have are:

  1. How were these features thought of (inspired by)?
  2. What brought attention to this situation?

BTN- Refugee Olympic Team

Here is the link: http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4517894.htm

Blue: Facts

Red: Understandings

Green: Question

 

 

Imagine practicing and practicing for something your whole life, and then it turns out you’re not allowed to do it. That’s what it’s like for refugees that want to compete in the Olympics, but that’s not the case anymore. For the first time in history, the Olympic Committee has agreed that a team of refugees can be in the running for the Games! There will be ten athletes in this team (swimmers, runners, judokas etc.), and they will all be from Syria, South Sudan, Ethiopia or Congo. All the athletes from this team were forced to leave their countries and became a refugee. But now, all of them will be able to compete and achieve their ultimate dream. Here’s a bit of background information on one of the athletes in this team, her name is Yusra.

 

This 18 year old swimmer has always had the dream of competing at the Olympics, but last year she thought her dream was over. That year she left her home (Syria) and went down the road as a refugee. A refugee is a person who has left their country because they either endangered by war, they are given bad treatment or violence has occurred in their life. These things often happen because of someone’s gender, race or beliefs. Yusra left her home for there is a war happening, but she is not the only one. Her and her sister are just 2 of the 60 million refugees out there. These 2 girls were fleeing to Greece with eighteen other refugees, and they all fled in one rubber dinghy. But catastrophe struck when the boat broke down and started to fill up with water. Beforehand, her sister had told her if something happens, don’t help anyone. But most of the people on this boat couldn’t swim, and the 2 of them decided to push it to shore. Yusra stated that it was really hard and frightening, especially since she was a swimmer and she could have ended up dying in the water.

 

But 3 hours later they arrived safely, and eventually got to Germany as refugees. Some of those refugees are elite athletes, and have been training all for their whole life to get to the highest level (the Olympics). But when settling, most thought that their dream was over (including Yusra). This is for the common knowledge that in the past, a refugee has never been allowed to participate in the Games. Now, there is no difference whether you are a refugee or not, it’s all about the race.

 

The refugee team has also got some bonuses, as well as being able to strive in the Olympics. They have received their own coaches, team uniform, officials, and even their own chef! These extras have all been paid for by the IOC, and for a very good reason. The IOC wants this team to inspire and give hope to other refugees, as well as drawing attention to this issue that millions of people are facing. This team has been training hard for months, and they believe their up for the challenge, no matter where they end up placing.

 

And I think the IOC’s idea is working, since more and more refugees are starting to accomplish their dreams. The team’s heard a lot of stories from refugees, stating how they couldn’t do it or wouldn’t. But after seeing the refugee team in action, all of the stories came back saying that they want to be like them and should have tried harder. But what really inspired refugees was their advice, them saying you can and you just want to try from all your heart really means a lot to everyone.

 

I understand how much pressure it is to compete in the Olympics. Athletes do it for they love sport, but to have such an important role while being there would build a lot of pressure.

 

A question I have is:

How did this team end up competing, and how many supporters did they have?

BTN Comparison between Haiti and Chile earthquakes- 2010

Link to video: http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s2835225.htm

 

This BTN video was about 2 earthquakes and how their similar and different. One of them was in Haiti, and the other was in Chile. They both happened in 2010, and they were also really close in months. In fact, a month after the Haiti earthquake, Chile got one too!  Freaky, 2 earthquakes in 2 months. These particular earthquakes were both really dangerous, but the BTN video was comparing how each of them were dangerous. Here’s a bit more on what was similar and different about these 2 earthquakes.

 

Let’s start with what was similar about these 2 natural disasters. Firstly, they were both earthquakes. And that means they would have been triggered the same way. Earthquakes happen when 2 tectonic plates collide, and a burst of energy flows through the crack created. Basically, the stronger the energy, the more dangerous it is. Earthquakes are really common where there are a lot of tectonic plates, and it so happens that Haiti and Chile are prone areas. This is because of another similarity between the 2 quakes, both countries are in the ring of fire. An important factor about these 2 earthquakes was they both realised a lot of energy. But that also meant that a natural disaster was coming, a tsunami. It took Chile and Haiti by storm, as whole towns (and buildings + roads) crumbled. Even boats ended up on land, but the worst part was families were separated. The two tsunamis weren’t as powerful as each other (Chile’s was worse) or at the same time, but they both still happened. Another similarity is they both got international aid, so it will be easier to rebuild buildings that have fallen. And lastly, the final similarity about these 2 earthquakes is they were both dangerous.

 

Now let’s look at the differences between the 2 earthquakes. To determine how destructive a natural disaster is, you measure the death toll, economic loss and how hard it is to rebuild. The Haiti earthquake had a death toll of 250,000 people, and there was also a lot of injured. The Chile earthquake killed approximately 500 people, yet it was 500 times more powerful. The Haiti earthquake had the magnitude of 7 on the richter scale, but the Chile earthquake had the magnitude of 8.8. That doesn’t seem like the biggest difference, but it actually has a huge impact on how destructive the earthquakes were. The ridged scale is how you measure how damaging earthquakes are, and it goes from 1 to 10.  Every time you increase a number, it’s showing that the earthquake has 30 times more energy than last time. So it was a massive difference that Chile’s earthquake was 500 times more powerful, but why did less people die?  Well, Chile is a 1st world country, while Haiti is a 3rd world country (another difference).  That means that Chile has more money than Haiti, so they can make their surrounding safer. They have special building rules so they can use materials like steel to stop building shaking. The more materials you have to stop the building shaking, the stronger it will last. Haiti on the other hand, well they don’t have these special rules. Their building are mostly made out of weak materials. So more buildings collapsed (with people in them) than in Chile, causing more deaths.

 

 

In conclusion, there were a lot of similarities and differences between these 2 earthquakes. I believe the Haiti earthquake was more destructive, since more lives were lost. So in some ways I feel that the Haiti earthquake was more damaging, but the Chile earthquake could have destroyed a lot more.

 

Something I understand now is how important it is to have strong buildings. Everyone is worrying about the drills (to know how to escape safely), but we also need good protection for those who don’t make it out of the building.

 

A question I have is which countries helped these 2 countries? And were their ones that helped one country, but not the other (why)?

 

BTN Should we keep the system we have when helping countries hit by natural disasters?

Here’s the prompt for this persuasive text:  http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s2981988.htm

 

 

We often hear the news that a natural disaster has hit a country. These are events like floods, earthquakes, fires and even a tsunamis is just a few of the natural disasters this world faces. But when we do hear of one these that has happened, what happens after they stop reporting the story? Do we get the full picture of what’s really happening? Natural disasters create a lot of damage and leave a lot of long term impact. And it can take years to rebuild a country, so how do they recover? Well, when a country is in need, we tend to help out. And not just Australia, most countries do. So we use a system to help provide the country with what they need to survive. Now, let me tell you why we need this system and we shouldn’t change it.

 

 

Firstly, what’s the point in changing the system when it has been working perfectly for us? Every time a county has been hit by a natural disaster, there’s always been countries to look out for them. For example, Israel has helped countries all over the world like Mexico (1985 earthquake), Kenya (1998 bombing by United States + 2006 drought), Turkey (1999 earthquake), Indonesia (2004 earthquake and tsunami), Sri Lanka (2005 tsunami), Haiti (2010 earthquake) and Philippines (2013 Typhoon Haiyan). If you don’t believe this search this all up, as well as Israel providing medical aid to over 140 states. But it’s not just Israel, there are other countries that help a lot to. Some big ones are U.S, U.K, Australia, New Zealand and India, who have been constantly helping out across the globe. And they all use this one system, which has worked for us over many years. See, the first priority is to save lives, then rescue those who are trapped or stranded. Then comes the medical assistance, and clean water (so it’s not contaminated with germs or diseases). After that comes food and shelter, which is provided with plenty to spare. It’s worked for plenty of years so why change it? Why change something we know is working and is saving lives by minute? Why go for a risk that could cause lives instead of sticking with one that we know is a good method? We’re talking about risking people’s families, friends, partners, people they love. People that you love, would be put at risk. So please, keep this system and don’t change it!

 

 

Secondly, what can you change about the system that means life or death? This system supplies water and food, and you need these to survive. The water gets delivered by trucks and the people in there gives out tanks of water, so the public can fill up their own containers or are given bottles. Packaged and canned food is provided, there’s always enough to go around. The food is packaged/canned for it doesn’t go off as fast as fresh food. The system also gives shelter so people can sleep. An example of the shelter that’s provided from the other countries is when Haiti got hit by an earthquake in 2010. The survivors ended up sleeping in tents that looked like this:

Lastly medical assistance is provided, as well as getting extra help for saving people. And the more help you get, the more lives you save. Now, most people would argue that we need to send in more building materials, since the country fully recovery can take years (the country often has to rebuild entire communities from scratch). Which is why the government will either send in cash to that country or it’ll be raised through the public (in special appeals or donations). Then the affected country, the UN and aid agencies work out how the money will be used. Another thing that other countries do to help is you can volunteer to go to a country in need and help there! I know this for a fact because someone I know has done this before. He went to the Philippines in 2013 to help them after the typhoon. Also, he said it was one of the best experiences of his life. So in the end it ticks all of the checklist, and everything ends out working perfectly. It does take a long time to put a country back together, but with the right system, it can work. And this is the right system. So keep this system and don’t change it!

 

 

In conclusion, we should keep this system we use to help other countries when hit by a natural disaster. For there’s no point in changing the system when it’s already working for us, and there’s simply nothing you need to change!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural disasters can throw a city and a country into unexpected chaos like the recent floods in Pakistan in South Asia.

More than one and a half thousand people have been killed and around twenty million have been affected as water swept away many homes.

The United Nations says it’s affected more people than the Tsunami that hit Asia in 2004!

That’s when a huge wave killed more than 230-thousand people from 14 countries.

Ticks all the checklist